M Daniel Schwarzkopf
M Daniel Schwarzkopf
NOAA/GFDL
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GFDL's CM2 global coupled climate models. Part I: Formulation and simulation characteristics
TL Delworth, AJ Broccoli, A Rosati, RJ Stouffer, V Balaji, JA Beesley, ...
Journal of Climate 19 (5), 643-674, 2006
17952006
The dynamical core, physical parameterizations, and basic simulation characteristics of the atmospheric component AM3 of the GFDL global coupled model CM3
LJ Donner, BL Wyman, RS Hemler, LW Horowitz, Y Ming, M Zhao, ...
Journal of Climate 24 (13), 3484-3519, 2011
8852011
A search for human influences on the thermal structure of the atmosphere
BD Santer, KE Taylor, TML Wigley, TC Johns, PD Jones, DJ Karoly, ...
Nature 382 (6586), 39-46, 1996
6491996
The new GFDL global atmosphere and land model AM2–LM2: Evaluation with prescribed SST simulations
GFDL Global Atmospheric Model Development Team, JL Anderson, ...
Journal of Climate 17 (24), 4641-4673, 2004
5212004
Stratospheric temperature trends: Observations and model simulations
V Ramaswamy, ML Chanin, J Angell, J Barnett, D Gaffen, M Gelman, ...
Reviews of Geophysics 39 (1), 71-122, 2001
4772001
The simplified exchange approximation: A new method for radiative transfer calculations
SB Fels, MD Schwarzkopf
Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 32 (7), 1475-1488, 1975
4481975
Stratospheric sensitivity to perturbations in ozone and carbon dioxide- Radiative and dynamical response
SB Fels, JD Mahlman, MD Schwarzkopf, RW Sinclair
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 37 (10), 2265-2297, 1980
4071980
The simplified exchange method revisited: An accurate, rapid method for computation of infrared cooling rates and fluxes
MD Schwarzkopf, SB Fels
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 96 (D5), 9075-9096, 1991
3411991
The radiative signature of upper tropospheric moistening
BJ Soden, DL Jackson, V Ramaswamy, MD Schwarzkopf, X Huang
Science 310 (5749), 841-844, 2005
3092005
Assessment of twentieth-century regional surface temperature trends using the GFDL CM2 coupled models
TR Knutson, TL Delworth, KW Dixon, IM Held, J Lu, V Ramaswamy, ...
Journal of Climate 19 (9), 1624-1651, 2006
2782006
Arctic Oscillation response to the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption: Effects of volcanic aerosols and ozone depletion
G Stenchikov, A Robock, V Ramaswamy, MD Schwarzkopf, K Hamilton, ...
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 107 (D24), ACL 28-1-ACL 28-16, 2002
2552002
Radiative forcing by well‐mixed greenhouse gases: Estimates from climate models in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4)
WD Collins, V Ramaswamy, MD Schwarzkopf, Y Sun, RW Portmann, Q Fu, ...
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 111 (D14), 2006
2502006
A comparison of model‐simulated trends in stratospheric temperatures
KP Shine, MS Bourqui, PMF Forster, SHE Hare, U Langematz, ...
Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society: A journal of the …, 2003
2282003
Radiative forcing of climate from halocarbon-induced global stratospheric ozone loss
V Ramaswamy, MD Schwarzkopf, KP Shine
Nature 355 (6363), 810-812, 1992
2111992
Anthropogenic and natural influences in the evolution of lower stratospheric cooling
V Ramaswamy, MD Schwarzkopf, WJ Randel, BD Santer, BJ Soden, ...
Science 311 (5764), 1138-1141, 2006
1902006
Fingerprint of ozone depletion in the spatial and temporal pattern of recent lower-stratospheric cooling
V Ramaswamy, MD Schwarzkopf, WJ Randel
Nature 382 (6592), 616-618, 1996
1691996
An efficient, accurate algorithm for calculating CO2 15 μm band cooling rates
SB Fels, MD Schwarzkopf
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 86 (C2), 1205-1232, 1981
1491981
The roles of aerosol direct and indirect effects in past and future climate change
H Levy, LW Horowitz, MD Schwarzkopf, Y Ming, JC Golaz, V Naik, ...
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118 (10), 4521-4532, 2013
1482013
GFDL's CM2 global coupled climate models. Part IV: Idealized climate response
RJ Stouffer, AJ Broccoli, TL Delworth, KW Dixon, R Gudgel, I Held, ...
Journal of Climate 19 (5), 723-740, 2006
1362006
Characterizing the tropospheric ozone response to methane emission controls and the benefits to climate and air quality
AM Fiore, JJ West, LW Horowitz, V Naik, MD Schwarzkopf
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 113 (D8), 2008
1292008
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