|GFDL's CM2 global coupled climate models. Part I: Formulation and simulation characteristics|
TL Delworth, AJ Broccoli, A Rosati, RJ Stouffer, V Balaji, JA Beesley, ...
Journal of Climate 19 (5), 643-674, 2006
|The dynamical core, physical parameterizations, and basic simulation characteristics of the atmospheric component AM3 of the GFDL global coupled model CM3|
LJ Donner, BL Wyman, RS Hemler, LW Horowitz, Y Ming, M Zhao, ...
Journal of Climate 24 (13), 3484-3519, 2011
|A search for human influences on the thermal structure of the atmosphere|
BD Santer, KE Taylor, TML Wigley, TC Johns, PD Jones, DJ Karoly, ...
Nature 382 (6586), 39-46, 1996
|The new GFDL global atmosphere and land model AM2–LM2: Evaluation with prescribed SST simulations|
GFDL Global Atmospheric Model Development Team, JL Anderson, ...
Journal of Climate 17 (24), 4641-4673, 2004
|Stratospheric temperature trends: Observations and model simulations|
V Ramaswamy, ML Chanin, J Angell, J Barnett, D Gaffen, M Gelman, ...
Reviews of Geophysics 39 (1), 71-122, 2001
|The simplified exchange approximation: A new method for radiative transfer calculations|
SB Fels, MD Schwarzkopf
Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 32 (7), 1475-1488, 1975
|Stratospheric sensitivity to perturbations in ozone and carbon dioxide- Radiative and dynamical response|
SB Fels, JD Mahlman, MD Schwarzkopf, RW Sinclair
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 37 (10), 2265-2297, 1980
|The simplified exchange method revisited: An accurate, rapid method for computation of infrared cooling rates and fluxes|
MD Schwarzkopf, SB Fels
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 96 (D5), 9075-9096, 1991
|The radiative signature of upper tropospheric moistening|
BJ Soden, DL Jackson, V Ramaswamy, MD Schwarzkopf, X Huang
Science 310 (5749), 841-844, 2005
|Assessment of twentieth-century regional surface temperature trends using the GFDL CM2 coupled models|
TR Knutson, TL Delworth, KW Dixon, IM Held, J Lu, V Ramaswamy, ...
Journal of Climate 19 (9), 1624-1651, 2006
|Arctic Oscillation response to the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption: Effects of volcanic aerosols and ozone depletion|
G Stenchikov, A Robock, V Ramaswamy, MD Schwarzkopf, K Hamilton, ...
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 107 (D24), ACL 28-1-ACL 28-16, 2002
|Radiative forcing by well‐mixed greenhouse gases: Estimates from climate models in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4)|
WD Collins, V Ramaswamy, MD Schwarzkopf, Y Sun, RW Portmann, Q Fu, ...
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 111 (D14), 2006
|A comparison of model‐simulated trends in stratospheric temperatures|
KP Shine, MS Bourqui, PMF Forster, SHE Hare, U Langematz, ...
Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society: A journal of the …, 2003
|Radiative forcing of climate from halocarbon-induced global stratospheric ozone loss|
V Ramaswamy, MD Schwarzkopf, KP Shine
Nature 355 (6363), 810-812, 1992
|Anthropogenic and natural influences in the evolution of lower stratospheric cooling|
V Ramaswamy, MD Schwarzkopf, WJ Randel, BD Santer, BJ Soden, ...
Science 311 (5764), 1138-1141, 2006
|Fingerprint of ozone depletion in the spatial and temporal pattern of recent lower-stratospheric cooling|
V Ramaswamy, MD Schwarzkopf, WJ Randel
Nature 382 (6592), 616-618, 1996
|An efficient, accurate algorithm for calculating CO2 15 μm band cooling rates|
SB Fels, MD Schwarzkopf
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 86 (C2), 1205-1232, 1981
|The roles of aerosol direct and indirect effects in past and future climate change|
H Levy, LW Horowitz, MD Schwarzkopf, Y Ming, JC Golaz, V Naik, ...
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118 (10), 4521-4532, 2013
|GFDL's CM2 global coupled climate models. Part IV: Idealized climate response|
RJ Stouffer, AJ Broccoli, TL Delworth, KW Dixon, R Gudgel, I Held, ...
Journal of Climate 19 (5), 723-740, 2006
|Characterizing the tropospheric ozone response to methane emission controls and the benefits to climate and air quality|
AM Fiore, JJ West, LW Horowitz, V Naik, MD Schwarzkopf
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 113 (D8), 2008